How to become a tenant in Luxembourg

How to become a tenant in Luxembourg ?

The legal and practical steps

 In order to become a tenant in Luxembourg, and in order to be successful in so doing, it is first of all necessary to fulfil a number of conditions before embarking on any administrative procedure.
As a prospective tenant, your first task is to visit the premises in order to find a district, and accommodation – whether an apartment or a house, that suits you.
Having finally found your ideal home, you need to gather together the essential elements required in order to substantiate your plans. The essential items in your file in order to complete a tenancy contract in due form, are the following:
·         Proof of identity, i.e. an identity card or passport
·         Proof of income or a payslip to attest to your financial status.
·         A rent deposit, or guarantee, amounting to the equivalent of 3 months’ rent as a maximum.
Also, in order to rent in Luxembourg, you will need to take out a multi-risks accommodation insurance policy.
During the contract signature process with the owner or with a property agency, you must compulsorily provide these documents as well as a copy of the multi-risks accommodation insurance.

 The property market in Luxembourg

 The majority of the population of Luxembourg is concentrated in the south of the country. In general, people live in the city centre or in the suburbs. It should be noted that the rental prices are higher in the city centre and less expensive on the city outskirts. The districts where rental rates are highest are marked out in part by their prestigious location in the imposing areas of the major urban centres. As public transport serves the city well, it is worth considering a location a few kilometres away.
A variety of lease types are available: furnished residences or unfurnished. Depending on the type of accommodation, a cellar or storeroom may be included in the lease. In some complexes, you even have access to a laundry. In the outlying districts, you may sometimes have a garage or parking space. In the town centre, you need to have a residents’ parking permit. To obtain one you should contact the Centre Bierger to obtain the necessary information.

 How to find rented property in Luxembourg

 You have a number of options. The Internet will lead you to many of these without having to travel around. Depending on your own individual preferences, you can try the offers and prices available on the sites of the majority of the estate agencies.
You can also consult the small ads in the newspapers such as the Luxemburger Wort. Private individuals and professionals alike publish renting vacancies in the property sections.
More rarely, some rental offers are publicly displayed in a variety of locations, such as cafés, launderettes, supermarkets, grocery shops, etc., that you can browse at leisure as you travel around.

 The lease contract

 The rental or lease contract is a legal document that determines the arrangements and duration of the contract. It may be verbal or in writing, as no specific format is legally required.
However, for the optimum security of the owner/tenant relationship it is preferable to draw up a written lease. In fact, in the context of a verbal lease, it is difficult, in the event of a dispute to ascertain the exact content and details of the contract.
The lease, or rental contract must contain the elements and terms of the agreement between the two parties - the landlord and the tenant, namely:
·        the duration of the lease ;
·        the arrangements provided for termination (with or without notice);
·        any changes that the tenant is allowed to make while occupying the premises
·        the amount of the rental and the frequency of payments;
·        the rental charges.
The lease is drawn up and signed, and both parties must retain a copy of the contract.
A schedule of condition and inventory can also be included in the deed and the owner is required to supply a copy of the certificate of energy performance to the tenant. 
A verbal lease is concluded for an indeterminate period.
Finally, the rent deposit, of the equivalent of one to three month’s rent, paid to the owner upon the conclusion of the contract, is intended to guarantee the payment of the rent, rental charges not paid on their due term, and any deterioration in the property during its occupation by the tenant. This is returned when the tenancy ends, if the owner does not wish to make any claim. 

Emilie Di Vincenzo